American Association of Feline Practitioners

Veterinary professionals passionate about the care of cats



Amy Dixon-Jimenez DGRDDA (Cardiology); and SABVPDA. Systemic Hypertension in Dogs & Cats.

Bijsmans ES, Jepson RE, Chang YM, et al. Changes in Systolic Blood Pressure over Time in Healthy Cats and Cats with Chronic Kidney Disease. J Vet Intern Med 2015; 29: 855–861.

Brown CA, Munday JS, Mathur S, et al. Hypertensive encephalopathy in cats with reduced renal function. Vet Patho 2005;42(5):642-649. DOI:10.1354/vp.42-5-642

Brown S, Atkins C, Bagley R, et al. Guidelines for the Identification, Evaluation, and Management of Systemic Hypertension in Dogs and Cats. J Vet Intern Med 2007; 21: 542–558.

Fries RC, Kadotani S, Vitt JP, et al. Effects of oral trazodone on echocardiographic and hemodynamic variables in healthy cats. J Feline Med Surg 2019;21(12):1080-1085. DOI:10.1177/1098612X18814565

Haberman CE, Morgan JD, Chang WK, et al. Evaluation of Doppler ultrasonic and oscillometric methods of indirect blood pressure measurement in cats. Intern J Appl Res Vet Med 2004; 2: 279–289

Jepson RE. Feline systemic hypertension. Classification and pathogenesis. J Feline Med Surg 2011; 13: 35–43.

Lila K. Sierra CV (ECC), and ESBCV (ECC). Blood Pressure Monitoring from a Nursing Perspective, Part 1: Overview of Blood Pressure Monitoring.

Lila K. Sierra CV (ECC), and ESBCV (ECC). Blood Pressure Monitoring from a Nursing Perspective, Part 2: Overview of Blood Pressure Monitoring.

Maggio F, DeFrancesco TC, Atkins CE, et al. Ocular lesions associated with systemic hypertension in cats: 69 cases (1985-1998). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000; 217: 695–702.

Martel E, Egner B, Brown SA, et al. Comparison of high- definition oscillometry – a non-invasive technology for arterial blood pressure measurement – with a direct invasive method using radio-telemetry in awake healthy cats. J Feline Med Surg 2013; 15: 1104–1113.

Taylor SS, Sparkes AH, Briscoe K, et al. ISFM Consensus Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Hypertension in Cats. J Feline Med Surg 2017; 19: 288–303.


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