American Association of Feline Practitioners

Veterinary professionals passionate about the care of cats


Management of infected cats should focus on effective preventive healthcare strategies, prompt identification and treatment of illness, and limiting the spread of infection.


  • Infected cats can live for many years with a high quality of life.
  • Follow consistent preventive healthcare strategies.
  • Promptly identify and treat illness.
  • Prevent, identify, and limit the spread of infectious disease.
  • Euthanasia of positive cats is not recommended.

Management of Retrovirus Infected Cats: Multi-Cat Households

  • FIV: transmission limited where cohabitating cats do not fight or reproduce
  • FeLV: transmission via shared food and water bowls, allogrooming and alloplay
  • Reduce stress by resource and environmental needs management.
  • House infected cats indoors or with access to enclosed outdoor structures only.
  • Longevity appears to be best in cats living in low-density household.


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© American Association of Feline Practitioners, 2020